Showing posts from January, 2009

Borat looked like Stalin?

Blogging can cause offence...I have been speculating to my self whether Obama is really the hidden Iman but thought to share my thoughts online my upset people.

My son Vincent asked me if I thought Trotsky looked like Borat, apparently not but here is a picture of another Russian who does look a little like him.

On a more serious matter I will be blogging about the Pope tomorrow...who seems to have moved from Hitler's Youth to the SS grand may disagree but wait until tomorrow's post.

Caroline Lucas and Jean Lambert ask for refund from Israel


Earth First! Winter Moot in Brighton


Carlisle Green Party in by-election bid

Nice to hear from John, who was partly inspired to join, by reading this blog!

Green Party chooses candidates for city council poll

Party aiming for first councillors and Euro MP in 2009

The Green Party today announces the names of its candidates for two forthcoming Carlisle City Council by-elections in Belah and Castle wards.

The Belah poll follows the death of former Conservative Mayor Sandra Fisher, whilst the contest in Castle ward arises from the resignation of Liberal Democrat councillor Kimberley Hunter. Both elections will be held on Thursday 5th March.

In Belah, the Greens have selected Hazel Bowmaker who works as a Housing Co-ordinator for national charity Action for Blind People. Miss Bowmaker serves on the board of Impact Housing Association and chairs their community investment committee. The Greens believe that she would bring essential experience of housing issues to the authority. If elected Miss Bowmaker would, at 27, be the youngest city councillor.

Former Upperby counc…

Peace in Isreal/Palestine

Well I must say the Green Movement are a lot better than the Israeli Green Party, I am impressed they are running both Jewish and Palestinian candidates....although I have not I regret seen a clear peace statement from them.

Chadesh are running on a refuse racism campaign of Arab-Israeli friendship, we have to hope they succeed then we could see real peace and justice.

The Jewish-Arab front's new campaign slogan is "Jews and Arabs refuse to be enemies. Hadash – the opposite of Lieberman." Yvette Lieberman is the leader of the racist Yisrael Beiteinu party.The campaign will also feature several videos showing Jewish and Arab youths and a website.

However it is pretty depressing that the Electoral Commission in Israel have banned two Arab Parties...I am assuming that this will be over turned.

Any way three cheers for the Israeli peace movement!

Joseph Healy: a new green left blogger

Dear all,

I have joined the blogosphere. Thanks to James for his assistance. Anyone wanting to read my rambling diatribes and political gossip can access it here.



No to Underground job cuts

The Green Party trade Union group opposes all redundancies as currently they punish workers for the criminal folly of capitalist speculators. We are particularly opposed to redundancies in those sectors, such as public transport, where there should actually be more investment and more jobs being created in order to bring about the just transition toa low carbon economy that is needed to combat the ecological, social and economic crises which we face. GPTU is therefore saddened to hear that 1000redundancies on London Underground were announced today (29/1/2009). All redundancies are evil but these are markedly in the wrong sector and at precisely the wrong time. We support all Unions in resisting this retrograde step and trust all elected Green Party representatives in London (Councillors, Greater London Assembly members and our London MEP) will join us intaking this stance. ENDS

Contact P.Murry GPTU Secretary

Another Gaza?

Which ever side you support or not support please join us in solidarity with 250,000 civilians who have fled to the forests and are being caught up in the indiscriminate attacks of the Srilankan army
more than 1000 civilians have been killed by the Srilankan army shelling in the last week..
independent reporters have been banned by the government from entering northern Srilanka.
250,000 civilians in northern Srilanka are trying to escape from the heavy fighting.they have no access to food, clean water or medicine.
if you want to get more info on what is happening check out
it is a family and child friendly peaceful demo- so people of all ages are welcome. please circulate as widely as possible.

Indigenous are the last best hope of planet Earth

I am not in Sao Paulo this week, I am trying to minimise my flying...lookout for the ecosocialist international lucha indigena....real green politics=indigenous solidarity.

WSF 2009: Indigenous Activists Send SOS for the Amazon
January 27, 2009

“We are raising our voices as a wake-up call to the world, especially the rich countries that are hastening its destruction.” —Edmundo Omoré, Xavante indigenous community

By Mario Osava

(Inter Press Service, January 27, 2009)

A human banner made up of more than 1,000 people, seen and photographed from the air, sent the message “SOS Amazon” to the world, in the first action taken by indigenous people hours before the opening in northern Brazil on Tuesday of the 2009 World Social Forum (WSF).

The mass message reflects “our concern about global warming, whose impact we will be the first to feel, although we, the peoples of the Amazon, have protected and cared for the forests,” Francisco Avelino Batista, an Apurinán Indian from the Purus ri…

Fear of a Green Left Planet!

unos, dos, tres......Capitalism in crisis, a grassroots revolt against the Washington Consensus brings yet another green left government to power?

Jerry Hicks campaign gears up

Just had this from Jerry!

From Jerry Hicks: The election leaflet/s (A5 flyer and an A4 version) for workplaces and branches is at the printers as I write.
Can you please let me know how many you will need, and a contact mailing address. The leaflet/s will also be available for down loading so they can be forwarded and also copied.

I would be delighted to personally help with the handing out of leaflets and have already accepted several invitations.If you want to bag a date in the diary by all means do so.

The campaign is going extremely well not least by way of receiving so many nominations form every region and sector.

Following the withdrawal of Laurence Faircloth I have been overwhelmed with offers of support and as importantly help.

The costs of the campaign have been strictly managed and have diligently kept to our budget. To the extent that, on a visit to Liverpool the 'Fun fare' national express coach ticket costing £8 went from Bristol via London! But it was very cheap.


Green Party Councillor gives Gaza solidarity

Well the university where I work p-time seems to have more security than usual, a wave occupations in British universities...had this about Cllr Margaret's a good argument for joining the Green Party of England and Wales
Latest on Gaza protest in Law faculty Cambridge University

At 2.10.p.m. today (Tuesday 27th Jan) Cllr. Margaret Wright ,who had expressed the Green Party's support for those students occupying the Law Faculty building in the University of Cambridge in solidarity with the suffering of the palestinians in Gaza and with all those seeking peace in the area, was escorted from the Law Faculty Building.

She was responding to an invitation from Cambridge Gaza Solidarity.

When she made a request to speak with these students she was taken to a reception desk by security guards. Here she showed her councillor's ID and University Library card. She was told by the academic secretary to the faculty she could not speak to the students and that she was being

Jerry Hicks: Britain's first green trade union leader?

Environmental problems are about production, about the production of practical green industrial alternatives.

Renewable energy, proper public transport, greener technology is part of the process of getting to a society that works enviromentally.

In Australia the visionary building workers leader Jack Mundey organised green industrial action to prevent damage to conservation sites.

In the 1980s Lucas Aerospace Shop Steward Mike Cooly developed workers plans for green production. Also in the 1980s the Nation Union of Seamen (now part of the RMT) ended the sea dumping of nuclear waste.

Rising from the shop floor of Rolls Royce in Bristol Jerry Hicks has battled against the hierarchy to force a democratic election for General Secretary of Britain's second largest trade union.

Jerry is opposed to the expansion of Heathrow and wants to shift production in a green direction to create jobs via renewables, etc.

Here is his statement on the environment...please spread the word, feel free to get …

Donate to Gaza


*Green Party Councillor Proposes Living Wage For Lambeth*

At a full Lambeth Council Meeting on Wed 28 Jan at 7 pm, Cllr Becca
Thackeray, Lambeth's Green Party Councillor, is proposing a motion to make
Lambeth Council a "Living Wage" employer. Currently through national pay
bargaining rules, every direct employee is paid a Living Wage, but the
hundreds of staff who work for the Council via contractors are often not and
forced to endure poverty pay.

The motion commits the Council to paying all staff, including sub-contracted
staff, the London Living Wage and to use local strategic partnerships and
other private sector engagements to promote the living wage more widely.

In November, Green Councillor Jenny Jones successfully passed a motion to
make Southwark Council a Living Wage employer. Southwark was only the second
Borough to adopt official policy backing a Living Wage, with Lewisham being
the other where there are 6 Green Party Councillors.

The Living Wage is the real minimum rate of pay that enables a worker to
provide a decent standard o…

NICK MATTHEWS on a co-operative keeping Palestinian farming alive.

Will be looking at the industrial action along with Tony Juniper's love of McDonalds in other posting...for the time being some good stuff from the Star! Are we going to have Greenpeace embracing nukes and the Convention of the Left backing capital punishment this week...I hope not..but a strike ballot at Britain's daily socialist newspaper and the ex-Foe supremo backing fast food ecocide, I would not believe it.

The oil of life
(Sunday 25 January 2009)

NICK MATTHEWS on a co-operative keeping Palestinian farming alive.

"THEY planted for us to eat - we will plant for them to eat."

This old Palestinian saying sums up the philosophy of Al Zaytouna, the Palestinian Olive Tree Association founded in 2004 as a non-profit association working in all the Palestine agricultural areas that produce olives.

The olive branch, traditionally a symbol of peace, has now become a symbol of the Palestinians' struggle for survival.

Palestine is often said to be the home of…

Green Left advance in Iceland

I am going to be meeting up with someone from the Iceland Green Left movement soon to learn a lot more but these are my thoughts for the moment. After free market policies have led to economic collapse, the governing Icelandic Independence Party have lost all credibility.

A bit of gentle and non violent rioting on thursday continues a tradition of oppressed people revolting against neo-liberal government and IMF rule. After the protests outside of parliament this week, the government is standing down and elections will be held in May.

The left green movement is a party committed to ecosocialism, it is made up of members of previous parties who did not wish to unify in the more centre ground Social Democrat Party.

This is the process. The process is now in Europe and while times are likely to be extremely bleak, we have the process which is may be a glimmer.

The process has of course occurred right across Latin America. Free market policies failed, popular grassroots protest (led from …

Gerald Kaufman MP is a bit of a hero on the quiet

Sir Gerald Kaufman said the Israeli government was 'ruthlessly and cynically' exploiting the guilt over the Holocaust as justification for the assault on Gaza.

'My grandmother was ill in bed when the Nazis came to her home town... a German soldier shot her dead in her bed,' he told MPs.

'My grandmother did not die to provide cover for Israeli soldiers murdering Palestinian grandmothers in Gaza.'

Always thought of Gerald Kaufman as a right wing MP in a right wing party but he has made some loud calls for peace and justice, this meeting put together by the Jewish Socialist Group looks excellent, Gerry is looking good for some one over the age of 77

After the War on Gaza: What next for the Palestinians? And how can Jews in Britain and in Israel help bring about a just peace?

Public meeting – all welcome

Wednesday 11th February, 7.30pm

Tudor Room, Imperial Hotel, Russell Square, London WC1B 5BB


Karma Nabulsi, Gerald Kaufman MP, plus other speakers to be announced

Nine Miles

Thursday January 29 Talk and reading by former Newbury protester and Worthing resident Jim Hindle, author of 'Nine Miles; Two winters of Anti-Road Protest' about his experiences in the 1990s and the lessons for today. Plus Worthing Alliance announcements. Upstairs at The Rest, Bath Place, Worthing. 8pm.

I had another nice surprise on friday, the first was being phoned up by Jerry Hicks (hopefully soon to be General Secretary of Britain's second largest union amicus/unite)...the other was finding that I had been sent a copy of Jim Hindle's beautiful book 'Nine Miles'.

The roads protests of the 1990s were a big thing, I saw them grow from literally three or four people kicking off Earth First! UK to Newbury where thousands of people including Jim, set up full time protest camps to halt the biggest roads programme in Britain since the Romans.

Nine Miles is about green action to halt and reverse the destruction of the environment. The direct actio…

Show them your shoes!

A bit asthmatic and looking after my kids today, so I have been blogging and letter writing for Jerry Hicks rather than getting on the streets to challenge the BBC, glad others have been doing so.

Some great photos and a report here.

Former car worker asks 'End of the road for the car industry?'

Met Alan Thornett last year on the way to climate camp, an ex-car worker he is a committed ecosocialist, here are his thoughts on the car industry.

While governments across the world are pumping money into the banks, other sectors face a bleak future. Car production is particularly hit. Car sales are in meltdown all over the world. Almost all the major car companies have responded with reduced production, layoffs or sackings.

Redundancies already amount to hundreds of thousands of workers. It is an industry in long-term crisis and had over-capacity before the current crisis hit home. The industry is hit in four ways: · First the credit crunch itself. Credit, which is essential for a large proportion of sales has become far more difficult to get.· Rising unemployment, including in the high-paid white-collar sector, reduced earnings and job insecurity impact on car individual sales. Fleet sales to companies have also plummeted. · Third is the rising price of oil, and theref…

I am blogging for Jerry Hicks!

The reasons I mounted the challenge to Derek Simpson are simple and straightforward:It is quite simply wrong that General Secretary Derek Simpson should go for 8 years without facing an election. I believe it is also illegal.It was my overriding belief that it was necessary to correct this wrongdoing. He (Derek Simpson) knew that it was unlawful because he himself challenged Sir Ken Jackson’s right to remain in position without holding an election in 2002 using the Certification Officer.I have received widespread support for my actions.
More here

Nice to have a good chat with a genuine working class hero in the form of Jerry Hicks, last night...usually the cool people just mail me rather than mobile me!

Jerry is currently running for the post of General Secretary of the Unite/Amicus union, Britain's second biggest trade union. He has a proud record as a union activist. In a David versus Goliath battle against the odds he waged a campaign to make the current General Secretary De…

Hamas 'Israel lost'

Well no brief for Hamas, they certainly have a pretty vicious side, with Ch 4 investigations suggesting they assaulted civilians during the war but if you want a serious killing spree with the latest high tech weapons Israel produced real horror.

Any way interesting to note the Hamas analysis, which mirrored my prediction that the IDF land invasion would kill lots of innocent people without stopping Hamas.

Accordingly, we declare that Israel lost, and lost decisively. What did it achieve? The killing of large numbers of civilians, children and women, and the destruction of homes, ministry buildings and other infrastructure with the most advanced US weapons and other internationally banned chemical and phosphorous elements. Almost 2,000 children were killed and injured in desperate pursuit of political goals. Many international organisations called these attacks war crimes, yet barely a word of denunciation was uttered by any western leader. What message does the EU mean to send Palestin…


If you want to give to Gaza have a look here for the TUC appeal

Greens condemn BBC over Gaza appeal

23 January 2009

Green Party condemns BBC over Gaza appeal

The Green Party has criticised the BBC for refusing to transmit a charity appeal which would have brought much-needed humanitarian aid to thousands of people in Gaza.

The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC), an umbrella-organisation representing 13 of the world's most respected charities, wanted to broadcast the appeal under an agreement with the BBC dating back to 1963. Traditionally the BBC, and other broadcasters, allow free air-time immediately after national news bulletins for such appeals.The BBC's refusal to show the programme, claiming it could not be certain the aid would reach its target, has allowed other broadcasters such as ITV and Sky to also deny transmission.

Green Party leader Caroline Lucas MEP said the BBC's decision was disgraceful and called for an inquiry. "It is not for the BBC to tell these prof…

Green Left call for support for John McDonnell

Green Left today released the following statement:

“The New Labour government have reneged on their commitment to combatting climate change by going ahead with the third runway at Heathrow. They have ridden roughshod over the opinion of many of their own MPs. John McDonnell, the local MP, may have wielded the mace for a few moments but it was a sign of desperation, and a recognition that he wields no power in the Labour Party, far removed from its original principles.

Green Left co-convenor, Joseph Healy, said: “it’s time we stretched our hand to fellow politicians with whom we agree more than disagree. We should avoid sectarianism and give people like John McDonnell
meaningful support. While we will have no truck with a callous Labour Party, we recognise there are individuals with honour and integrity.”

”If John McDonnell were to stand as an Independent at the next General Election, we would be happy to suggest to the rest of the Green Party that no candidate of ours stand against him as…

Caroline Lucas calls for investigation of abuse of West Papuan activists

NEWS RELEASE From the office of South-East England’s Green MEP Caroline Lucas

MEP receives reports of detention and abuse of West Papuan independence activists The South East’s Green MEP has called on the UK authorities – and theEuropean Commission – to bring Indonesia to account over continuing reportsof human rights abuses in West Papua. Dr Caroline Lucas MEP has written to Foreign Secretary David Miliband and EU Commissioner for External Relations Ferrero-Waldner to call for action following reports of the arbitrary arrest, detention and physical abuse of West Papuan independence activists by Indonesian police. Dr Lucas MEP has repeatedly urged the UK to raise concerns over the serious abuses of West Papuan human rights with Indonesian President Yudhoyono, and to demand the withdrawal of Indonesia’s violent military presence in the area.

She said: “I have been informed by a South East constituent who has just returned from West Papua that two individuals, Buchtar Tabuni (Committee …

How could a wasteful and consumerist system par excellence preserve the environment?

hadn't heard from Fidel for a few weeks, always a worry when you don't hear from someone 80 very glad to have this.

Reflections by comrade Fidel


We talked for 40 minutes. It was an intense and interesting dialogue; just as I expected. She is a person of deep convictions. There was no debate.

When she spoke at the Auditorium of the University of Havana, she was quick to answer the students’ questions showing her talent and her capacity.

The meeting at the Latin American Medical School [ELAM] was moving. The songs played by the peasant students of Guarani descent, with the typical instruments and tunes of that ethnic group, added a special note. She was presented with a doctor’s white coat, which she immediately put on the orange jacket and slacks she was wearing.

She left the ELAM to come meet with me.

As we discussed the United States, I indicated the historical significance it has for Cuba that by noon yesterday we could count 10 Presidents who have led th…


it's like the Green Party of England and Wales signing up with McDonalds or Sky....toxic bank, Fianna Fail, Green Party Ireland nasty mix.

The Irish Greens are a mirror held up to other green parties...showing the green face of thinking too much about short term office and to little about profound political and social change.

Green Parties bought by corporations scare me....on to some wise words from Patricia.


Former Green Party MEP and member of the party’s National Executive Committee, Patricia McKenna, has strongly criticised her party’s attitude to the resignation today of its most senor elected representative in Munster.

Ms. McKenna said, “I am quite shocked at the cavalier attitude displayed by the party hierarchy towards the departure of our most important elected representative in the Munster region. Chris O’Leary is a long-time member of the party and our only representative in Cork City Council.

She said, “Statements by Deputy…

The Forgotten Martin Luther King

[col. writ. 1/15/09] '09 Mumia Abu-Jamal

The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is once again being resurrected this time of year, in part because his birthday is approaching, but also, of course, because of the imminent swearing-in of President-elect Barack H. Obama -- the first Black man in U.S. history to be so honored.

As often is the case, the Rev. King who is being projected today bears little relationship to the real, live, breathing and growing man behind the name.

Like many men, he had his highs and his lows, his fears and his doubts, his inspirations and his insights. His Washington speech (known as "I Have a Dream") was neither his finest, nor his most profound, but like many Black preachers who are master orators, he brought his best to it.

King, like many busy leaders, had others write some of his speeches, and one of those men was Vincent Harding, now a theologian and historian. Harding contributed to Kings' groundbreaking N.Y. Riverside Chu…

New President, same shit for native Americans?

Forwarded on behalf of the Leonard Peltier Defense Offense Committee

URGENT! Leonard Peltier's Safety in Jeopardy!
Call Canaan Federal Prison

Dear LP Supporters,

I am so OUTRAGED! My brother Leonard was severely beaten upon his arrival at the Canaan Federal Penitentiary. When he went into population after his transfer, some inmates assaulted him. The severity of his injuries is that he suffered numerous blows to his head and body, receiving a large bump on his head, possibly a concussion, and numerous bruises. Also, one of his fingers is swollen and discolored and he has pain in his chest and ribcage. There was blood everywhere from his injuries.

We feel that prison authorities at the prompting of the FBI orchestrated this attack and thus, we are greatly concerned about his safety. It may be that the attackers, whom Leonard did not even know, were offered reduced sentences for carrying out this heinous assault. Since Leonard is up for parole soon, this could be a cons…

Hugo Blanco greets the Fourth International Congress.

Had a very useful chat last week with Oscar who is Hugo's son and we talked about may be getting a speaking tour for Hugo in the UK in 2009...I was thinking of putting up Alan Thornett's article on the car industry, although I am a member of a different political party from Alan, I have great respect for him as an ex-car worker who is a pretty committed fact I bumped into Alan at the climate camp at Kingsnorth.

any way cars and ecosocialism tomorrow...looking for Alan's article today I have found this from Hugo......I am pretty sure both the FI and Hugo have great mutual affection.

Any how this is a great piece and I as a non Trotskyist would also salute the FI for their evolution in an ecosocialist and non dogmatic direction, while critical of some aspects of Cuban I have been very impressed by their solidarity for Cuba, all good!

Non dogmatic left politics is necessary, capitalism is failing economically at present and as Hugo notes is ecologically fatal


Peter says 'Our system of monarchy is racist'

If you support the inauguration of the US's first black president, you
must call for an end to the British custom of a heredity head of state

By Peter Tatchell, human rights campaigner

The Guardian – Comment is Free - London – 19 January 2009

The United States is celebrating the inauguration of President Barack
Obama, the first black person to hold the title of American head of
state. But as the race barrier to highest office is broken in the US,
it remains firmly intact on this side of the Atlantic. For the
foreseeable future, as in centuries past, no black or Asian person
will be eligible to assume role of British head of state.

Under our constitutional system, the head of state is the monarch – at
present Queen Elizabeth II. The position of monarch and head of state
is inherited, lately through the
Windsor family line. The Windsor's are white and only their
descendants are eligible …

Hamas ceasefire declared

Obviously killing all those kids and Israeli trained doctors tends to provoke more violence but Hamas have declared cease fire...can't find the statement but this is what is in the news

Hamas and allies declare ceasefire

Hamas and their allied Palestinian factions have announced an immediate one-week ceasefire in the Gaza Strip, giving Israel a week to pull out of the territory.

The move, following a meeting of the factions in Damascus on Sunday, comes a day after Israel called a unilateral truce, ending its 22-day offensive in Gaza which led to the deaths of 1,203 Palestinians.

"Hamas and the factions announce a ceasefire in Gaza starting immediately and give Israel a week to withdraw," Ayman Taha, a senior Hamas official talking from Cairo, said.

Hamas also demanded that Israel open all of the Gaza Strip's border crossings to allow in food and other goods to meet the "basic needs for our people".

Israel had already said on Sunday that it will not consider a ti…

IDF kill Doctor's family

More from Haim.

Dear friends,

The issue below is already on my website, but I am writing to you all, as
this is one brutality which defies the imagination; this is also why I do
not wish to leave it for the later update:

This is a very rare real time evidence of how Israel really works! After
weeks of reporting from Gaza, in Hebrew, as a physician who treated
thousands of Israelis, the IOF moves, on the last day of the war, to kill
him and his family. Expect the usual lies and denials from the instigators
of this senseless mass murder. The whole of Israel saw this on television,
but I have heard of no public protest of any kind! This is just ONE such
crime, out of thousands!

There will be no forgetting, or forgiving of their brutality. There shall be
no peace with war criminals. We must work tirelessly, in all ways we can, to
get those war criminal into the international Court of Justice as mass

Please send to those denuded people who still support Israel. The link to
send is:


Green Left meeting in Manchester

Our political associates in Peru and Iceland are making great strides...anybody interested in forming a green left organisation in the Middle East?

Anyway this is our Manchester meeting to link in with the convention of the left.

Green Left General Meeting on Sunday 25th January @ 11.30am in Manchester


· The Reawakened Evils – Poverty and Unemployment. A discussion on employment and welfare in the 21st century with Sean Thompson (Green Left) and John Hilary (War on Want) followed by

· Minutes of the last general meeting

· Fare pooling scheme for the AGM

· Conference motions and fringes

· Green Left Newsletter

· Financial Report/Membership Report

· Convention of the Left Feedback

· Trade Union Climate Change Report

· Demonstrations and campaigns

· Iceland – report back

· Date of next meeting

· Any Other Business

The meeting is due to finish at 2.30pm. The venue is in Oxford Road, within walking dista…

Haim argues 'Israel has not defeated Hamas'

Haim is a British based Israeli, effectively exiled and over here, he has been at the forefront of opposition to the IDF in the UK. Do have a look at his blog

Dear Friends,

It seems that the current iteration is coming to a bloody close as I write
those lines. The unilateral Israeli-declared cease fire was supposed to have
started few minutes ago. Israel has not defeated Hamas, but has run out of
time before the Obamah inauguration. They have planned to go out on the 18th
beforehand, but thought that they will be able to break the resistance.
This is similar to Lebanon 2006. After they left Lebanon, Hizballah has
become even stronger and more influential. We are seeing a reply of Lebanon,
but with even more bloodshed and terrorising of a civilian population under
We must not relent, now that the bombs may have stopped. Now starts our big
struggle: We, who oppose Zionism and its murderous excesses, must start the
new phase of the struggle against them, so as to make sure the next invas…